- Ethiopia COVID-19
- Africa COVID-19
- World COVID-19
This article reviews the Ethiopian government’s measures to contain the health and economic impacts of Covid-19
This provides policy briefs based on the results of surveys to monitor the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on formal firms and households in Ethiopia.
“The key conclusion is that the pandemic will slow down economic growth and exacerbate poverty. The results show that, depending on containment efforts and duration, the pandemic could reduce gross domestic product by 2.2-9.9%”
“In Ethiopia, preliminary estimations suggest, over the next 3 months, 1.41 Mill jobs are threatened using a medium-estimate (low-estimate 727K, high-estimate 2.5 M), and an income loss for urban self-employed in services at $265 M, using a medium-estimate (low-estimate $132 M, high-estimate $296 M)”
“Even with just the current sub-set of affected sectors, the economic impacts will be considerable: by our estimates, growth will be 2.5 percentage points lower next year (falling to 5 percent) and net balance payments impact close to $1.5 billion.”
“First, urban demand for fruits and vegetables—high value, nutritionally rich foods—is declining. It is possible that this is driven by misinformation regarding the risk of contracting COVID-19 from produce. Second, trade is affected by travel bans as well as reduced competition, because traders are less willing to travel to production areas. Third, farmers are apparently hit in two ways. Producer prices are lower, and input prices are up or input not available. “
"Results of 20 interviews with managers from garment and textile factories"
“The new online platform automates trade procedures and replaces the need for physical, manual, and duplicate processes. It also plays a key role in enhancing transparency for trade, which is important for easing the movement of critical supplies during the pandemic”
This Deloitte publication provides insight on the expected economic impact of COVID-19 in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda and government measures taken to curb its spread and support economies.
This McKinsey article on Covid-19 in Africa presents 9 ideas on reimagining African societies, businesses, and government
“Protecting lives. We present a new analysis showing that bold steps will be needed to strengthen Africa’s health-system capacity over the next 100 days, at a potential cost of more than $5 billion.
Safeguarding livelihoods. We show that the jobs or incomes of 150 million Africans are vulnerable in the crisis, and we share a new analysis of the interventions required to mitigate the economic damage.
Finding the right path. We consider how governments can make optimal decisions on lockdowns, shutdowns, and shielding of people at the highest risk of contracting the virus, thereby achieving the best possible outcomes in protecting lives and safeguarding livelihoods.”
“People: Anywhere between 300,000 and 3.3 million African people could lose their lives as a direct result of COVID-19, depending on the intervention measures taken to stop the spread.
Prosperity: The impact on African economies could be the slowing of growth to 1.8 percent in the best-case scenario or a contraction of 2.6 percent in the worst case. This has the potential to push 27 million people into extreme poverty.
Partnerships: African economies are interconnected: our response must bring us together as one. The development finance institutions must at this time play an unprecedented counter-cyclical role to protect the private sector and save jobs.”
“Economies in Sub-Saharan Africa could lose between $37 billion and $79 billion in output losses in 2020 due to COVID-19 (coronavirus), according to a new World Bank regional economic analysis
The region could face a severe food security crisis, with agricultural production expected to contract between 2.6% and 7%
The World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund have called for a “bilateral debt standstill,” which the report notes should be an important part of the global response to soften the impact of COVID-19 on Africa’s poor”
1. Coordinate efforts of Member States, African Union agencies, the World Health Organization, and other partners to ensure synergy and minimize duplication.
2. Promote evidence-based public health practice for surveillance, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and control of COVID-1
The strategy will be implemented through two major operational units: (a) Africa Task Force for Coronavirus (AFTCOR), (b) Africa CDC’s Incident Management System.”
This McKinsey article describes the five trends in the consumer and retail landscape that have emerged during the crisis and might be the next new normal.
The latest report from the ILO explores the loss of working hours due to Covid-19, the disproportionate impact of Covid-19 on youth, and the benefits of testing and tracing on labor markets
“Public health must remain at the core of the policy response, keeping people safe and supporting rapid progress on treatment options and a vaccine over the coming months. In addition, four issues were found to deserve particular attention as policy-makers think about next steps to achieve a robust recovery: identifying effective channels for rapid disbursements to firms; supporting vulnerable workers and households with precision; overcoming borrowing constraints for low- and middle-income countries affected by the crisis, and balancing emergency responses with expanding policy priorities beyond GDP growth.”
International Labor Organisation calls for action from the global garment industry to support manufacturers survive the disruption caused by COVID-19 and to protect workers